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Cross-cultural effects of reminiscence therapy on life satisfaction and autobiographical memory of older adults: a pilot study across Mexico and Spain

Contact Information


Alba Villasán Rueda,

Aging; Cognitive stimulation; Quality of life; Reminiscence; Specific memory.


Background There are increasing reports on the cognitive and emotional benefits of positive reminiscence therapy in older people. The objective of this study is to assess the differential improvement of the quality of life for older people in different vital situations (three different types of aging) and from different countries by implementing a positive reminiscence therapy program (REMPOS).
The participants were 144 older adults above the age of 65, 77 participants from Spain (45 experimental groups, 32 control groups) and 67 from Mexico (34 experimental groups, 33 control groups). The participants were recruited from nursing and retirement homes. A factorial randomized design with pre–post measurement with three independent variables: country (Mexico, Spain), condition (experimental, control), and types of aging (healthy aging, HA., mild cognitive impairment, MCI., Alzheimer’s disease, AD). The experimental groups received REMPOS therapy and control groups received standard cognitive stimulation program. The quality of life was measured with the Life Satisfaction Inventory for adults (LSI-A) and autobiographical memory test (AMT) before and after REMPOS therapy.

The REMPOS intervention showed significantly higher positive effects than the control condition on the recall of specific positive memories across countries and types of aging, except for the Spanish MCI group. Life satisfaction in the Alzheimer’s and MCI group only improved with REMPOS in the Mexican sample.

The REMPOS effects showed generalizable effects across countries, but the cross-cultural differences shown highlight the necessity of running studies to test those differential effects.


Rueda, A. V., Cabaco, A. S., Mejía-Ramírez, M. A., Afonso, R. M., & Castillo-Riedel, E. (2023). Cross-cultural effects of reminiscence therapy on life satisfaction and autobiographical memory of older adults: a pilot study across Mexico and Spain. Alzheimer's research & therapy, 15(1), 204.





Conent Area

Alba Villasán Rueda

EWB-Related Construct

(1) goal pursuit
(2) life satisfaction
(3) positive affect
(4) quality of life
(5) sense of meaning

Study Design

Species or Study Population

(5) RCT

Sex (%Female)


Age (Mean, SD)

79.9, 9.28

Younger Controls?


Longitudinal Data?


Sample Size



positive reminiscence (REMPOS) therapy

Ethnicity (%white)

not stated (Spain and Mexico)

Inclusion Criteria

(1) be 65 years of age or older;
(2) healthy aging (HA), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD);
(3) who resided or visited a residential care facility or day centers where the intervention was carried out.

Exclusion Criteria


EWB Measures

(1)Life Satisfaction Index for the Elderly (LSI-A):

Non-EWB Behavioral

(1) autobiographical memory test (AMT)
a. only analyzed the recall of specific memories for positive stimuli (EPOS)
b. negative stimuli (ENEG)

Physiological Measures


Brain IMaging Modality

Brain IMaging Paradigm


Brain Region/Circuit


Biological Measures


Other Neural Measures

Data Availability?


Data Avalability Details

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Diagnostic Measures

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